The Industrial Island and Temples Odyssey
Known as “Flat Island” in ancient times, Peng Chau is a small island with mainly lowlands. Regardless of its size (less than one square kilometer), Peng Chau once had a thriving fishing industry and also a wide range of production facilities. As early as in the Qing Dynasty, Peng Chau was already a prosperous fishery-trading center, with more than two hundreds fishing boats working in nearby water. The island hence has housed quite a number of temples on it, in which there are guardians of the seafaring people. Surrounded by the sea, Peng Chau has the right natural setting and a ready supply of raw materials for producing lime. The island’s lime production was the biggest in Hong Kong in the early 19th century, with 11 limekilns in operation. The 1960s was the heyday of the island’s industrial age. More than 30 industries could be found on Peng Chau, producing goods that including steel tubes, teak wood, cowhides, porcelain, rattan products, night bulbs, etc. The booming manufacturing industries attracted workers from all over Hong Kong, Peng Chau in those days was definitely a veritable industrial island.
Nowadays, Peng Chau is mostly residential area with a population of 8000, and is still keeping its simple style of living, along with its diverse natural scenes and traditional customs.